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Understanding Machine Embroidery Hoop Sizes & Formats

100X100MM 130X180MM 160X260MM 200X200MM 200X260MM 4X4 5X7 6X10 8X10 8X8 BABYLOCK BERNINA BROTHER COMMON MACHINE EMBROIDERY HOOP SIZES EXP Format Formats Hoop Hoops HOW TO HUS HUSQVARNER JANOME JEF MACHINE EMBROIDERY DESIGN PES PFAFF SINGER Understanding Machine Embroidery Hoop Sizes & Formats VIP XXX

Understanding Machine Embroidery Hoop Sizes & Formats

Have you wondered why your machine embroidery hoop sizes are different to the actual size they will stitch? Or maybe you’ve discovered that some designs have been digitized for a specific hoop size you don’t have. How do you know which design format you need for your embroidery machine? 

Everything you want to do with your machine depends on the size hoops you have available. The size hoop or hoops your embroidery machine come with depend on the manufacturer, the machine itself.

Embroidery machine manufacturers will identify their hoops by sizes, usually in inches. The hoop sizes for each machine will be listed in the manual which comes with it. If you were to physically measure your hoop, you will find it is a different size. Even more confusing, if you measure the area of sewing field within the hoop, it too would be different. This is because the physical hoop size is not the actual sewing field.

Example: 4 X 4 hoop may measure 5.3 X 5 inches around the outside, suit a 4 X 4 inch designs and have a sewing field or stitch limit of only 3.93 X 3.93 inches. As the machine cannot sew very close to the edge of the internal hoop, the maximum area it can embroider upon is smaller than the hoop size itself.

Common Machine Embroidery Hoop Sizes

There are three common sizes of embroidery hoops: 4 X 4, 5 X 7 and 6 X 10 inches.

  • The 4X4 Hoop has a sewing field of 3.94 X 3.94 inches (100 X 100 mm)
  • The 5X7 Hoop has a sewing field of 5.12 X 7.09 inches
  • The 6X10 Hoop has a sewing field of 6.30 X 10.24 inches
  • when we refer to a design being for a 4X4 hoop, we have created it to the 3.94 sewing field.

 

The main hoop sizes I digitize for are:

 4x4 inch  100 x 100 mm
 5x7 inch  130 x 180 mm
 6x10 inch  160 x 260 mm
 8x10 inch  200 x 260 mm
 8x8 inch  200 x 200 mm

 

The question I get asked most about hoop size's is, I don't have a 5x7 hoop - can I still stitch the design?

You can use a bigger hoop to stitch the design, but not a smaller hoop.

Your Machine Manual (or Manufacturer Website) will confirm the exact format for your particular Machine Model

 DST

 Tajima

Some Brother Machines

Some Husqvarna Machines

Some Janome Machines

Some Pfaff Machines

 EXP

 Bernina

 HUS  Husqvqrna
 JEF  Janome
 PES  Brother

Baby Lock

 VIP

 Husqvarna

Pfaff

VP3

Husqvarna

XXX

Singer

 

Hoop Size
Each design product page on EmbroideryDesigns.com includes the actual size of the design in both millimeters and inches. The product page also includes “Hoop Size” in inches, which is supposed to be the equivalent to the sewing field in millimeters, but humans like to approximate things. For example 100mm equals 3.937”, which is so very close to 4” that we who hate decimals round up the figure. Also the sewing field of 130 x 180mm equals 5.12 x 7.09” but we round down the figure to 5 x 7”. So, “Hoop Size” has evolved over the years to being just a term without mathematical accuracy, used to indicate the approximate sewing field limit in inches that your machine must allow in order to accommodate the actual size of the design.

Sewing Field
The measurement of your machine’s sewing field limit is usually listed in the manual, sometimes buried where you least expect to find it. Some software programs, such as Embrilliance Essentials, offer the ability to check and set the sewing limit by machine and hoop size.Many of us have discovered our machine’s sewing field limit while trying to stitch a design that exceeds the preset boundaries.My Husqvarna-Viking Rose, an older model that runs from a program card with one small hoop and no image monitor, will try to stitch the design until it reaches the point where the design exceeds its sewing field limit of 3.93 x 3.93” – a frustrating waste of materials and time.On the other hand, some machines will simply refuse to stitch a design that is too large, and often won’t clearly reveal the reason, such as my Baby Lock Ellageo that doesn’t even recognize that the design is on the USB drive when the design size is more than its sewing field limit of 10.2 x 6.2”. Learn your machine’s sewing field limit, and you will be able to determine whether a design will fit within the recommended “Hoop Size”.

Determining Hoop Size
First understand that the inch has been defined and internationally accepted as being equivalent to 25.4mm (millimeters) or 2.54cm (centimeters).If your ruler displays centimeters, just move the decimal one digit to the right to calculate millimeters. Following is a chart of approximate, but close conversions of sewing field limits. When shopping, be sure to double check the actual size of the design along with the recommended Hoop Size.

Hoop Size Charts

The following table specifies which hoops are used with different embroidery machine types:

Pfaff - .VP3/.VIP/.PCS/.KSM/.PCD/.PCQ/.9MM/.MAX/.SPX Format

Pfaff Vision

Pfaff 9mm (33 x 9 mm)

Pfaff Maxi (166.5 x 60 mm)

Pfaff Square Hoop, Viking Spendid Square Hoop (120 x 120 mm)

Pfaff All Fabric Hoop (130 x 130 mm)

Pfaff (small, 80 x 80 mm)

Pfaff (large, 120 x 115 mm)

Pfaff Creative 2140 (140 x 225 mm)

Viking Crown Hoop, Pfaff Elite Hoop (200 x 260 mm)

Pfaff Grand Hoop (overlap, 250 x 225 mm)

Pfaff Deluxe Hoop (200 x 360 mm)

Pfaff Grand Dream Hoop, Viking Majestic Hoop (overlap, 350 x 360 mm)

Pfaff 2140/2144

Pfaff 9mm (33 x 9 mm)

Pfaff Maxi (166.5 x 60 mm)

Pfaff Round Hoop (80 mm)

Pfaff Round Hoop (120 mm)

Pfaff Petite Hoop (50 x 80 mm)

Pfaff Square Hoop, Viking Spendid Square Hoop (120 x 120 mm)

Pfaff All Fabric Hoop (130 x 130 mm)

Pfaff Creative 2140 (140 x 225 mm)

Pfaff (small, 80 x 80 mm)

Pfaff (large, 120 x 115 mm)

Viking Crown Hoop, Pfaff Elite Hoop (200 x 260 mm)

Pfaff Grand Hoop (overlap, 250 x 225 mm)

Pfaff 7570/7560

Pfaff 9mm (33 x 9 mm)

Pfaff Maxi (166.5 x 60 mm)

Pfaff (large, 120 x 115 mm) Pfaff (small, 80 x 80 mm)

Pfaff Multi-Hoop (overlap, 225 x 90 mm)

Singer - .XXX Format

Quantum XL 5000,

Quantum XL 6000

Singer (small, 55 x 55 mm)

Singer (medium, 114 x 114 mm)

Singer (large 2, 140 x 240 mm)

Singer Continuous Hoop (50 x 150 mm)

Singer Multi-Hoop (210 x 430 mm)

Singer XL 6000 Hoop (250 x 450 mm)

Quantum XL 1000

Singer (small, 55 x 55 mm)

Singer (medium, 114 x 114 mm)

Singer (large, 130 x 240 mm)

Bernina - .ART/.PES Format

Artista 830

Bernina Artista Small (oval, 72 x 50 mm)

Bernina Artista (medium, 100 x 130 mm)

Bernina Artista (oval, 145 x 255 mm)

Bernina Artista Jumbo (oval, 260 x 400 mm)

Artista 200E

Bernina Artista (medium, 100 x 130 mm)

Bernina Artista (oval, 145 x 255 mm)

Bernina Artista Megahoop (150 x 400 mm)

Artista 180E

Bernina Artista (small, 40 x 60 mm)

Bernina Artista (large, 155 x 200 mm)

Bernina Artista (medium, 100 x 130 mm)

Artista 165E

Bernina Artista (small, 40 x 60 mm)

Bernina Artista (large, 155 x 200 mm)

Husqvarna/Viking - .VIP/.HUS/.DST/.SHV/.VP3 Format

Designer 1

Viking Round Hoop (40 mm) Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Viking Designer 1 MidSize (100 x 170 mm)

Viking Desinger 1 Large (150 x 240 mm)

Viking MegaHoop (150 x 360 mm)

Pfaff Creative Endless Hoop (100 x 180 mm)

Designer Diamond

Pfaff Square Hoop, Viking Splendid Square Hoop (120 x 120 mm)

Viking Crown Hoop, Pfaff Elite Hoop (200 x 260 mm)

Pfaff Deluxe Hoop, Viking Royal Hoop (200 x 360 mm)

Pfaff Grand Dream Hoop, Viking Majestic Hoop (overlap, 350 x 360 mm)

Viking Rose

Viking Round Hoop (40 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Viking Plus (overlap, 100 x 170 mm)

Viking #1+

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)
Viking Plus (overlap, 100 x 170 mm)

Janome/New Home - .JEF/.JEF+/.SEW Format

Janome MB-4

Janome MC10000, M3 Hoop (50 x 50 mm)

Janome MC10000, Kenmore 19010, M2 Hoop (126 x 110 mm)

Janome M1 Hoop (240 x 200 mm)

Janome MC200

Janome MC10000, M3 Hoop (50 x 50 mm)

Janome MC200 (140 x 140 mm)

Janome MC11000

Janome MC10000, M3 Hoop (50 x 50 mm)

Janome MC10000, Kenmore 19010, M2 Hoop (126 x 110 mm)

Janome MC11000 Square Hoop (200 x 200 mm)

Janome MC11000 Macro Hoop (overlap, 200 x 280 mm)

Janome MC10000/10001

Janome MC10000, M3 Hoop (50 x 50 mm)

Janome MC10000 (110 x 110 mm)

Janome MC10000 (140 x 200 mm)

Janome Gigahoop (overlap, 200 x 230 mm)

Janome 9500

Janome MC10000, M3 Hoop (50 x 50 mm)

Janome MC10000 (110 x 110 mm)

Janome MC10000 (140 x 200 mm)

Janome Gigahoop (overlap, 200 x 230 mm)

Janome 9000

Elna, Janome #1 & #3, New Home (125 x 90 mm)

New Home 8000

Janome #2 for 5000, 5700 and 9000 (85 x 70 mm)

Kenmore 19001

Janome #2 for 5000, 5700 and 9000 (85 x 70 mm)

Elna, Janome #1 & #3, New Home (125 x 90 mm)

Janome #5 for 5000, 5700 and 9000 (overlap, 125 x 140 mm)

Memory Craft 300E

Janome MC10000, M3 Hoop (50 x 50 mm)

Janome MC10000 (110 x 110 mm)

Janome MC10000, Kenmore 19010, M2 Hoop (126 x 110 mm)

Janome MC10000 (140 x 200 mm)

Janome Gigahoop (overlap, 200 x 230 mm)

Babylock - .PES/.PEC Format

Baby Lock Ellagéo

Babylock, Brother (small, 60 x 20 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Babylock ESE, Brother 8200, Viking (large, 130 x 180 mm)

Brother Jumbo Large (overlap, 130 x 300 mm)

Brother Large (160 x 260 mm)

Baby Lock Essante 1 & 2

Babylock, Brother (small, 60 x 20 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Babylock ESE, Brother 8200, Viking (large, 130 x 180 mm)

Brother Jumbo Large (overlap, 130 x 300 mm)

Baby Lock Espree

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Brother - .PES/.PEC Format

Quattro

Brother Quattro (200 x 300 mm)

Brother Square Hoop (200 x 200 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Babylock, Brother (small, 60 x 20 mm)

PR 600

Brother Cap Hoop (130 x 50 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Babylock ESE, Brother 8200, Viking (large, 130 x 180 mm)

Brother PR-600 (200 x 300 mm)

Brother PR-600 Fast Frames Jumbo Hoop (overlap, 300 x 378 mm)

ULT 2001/2002

Babylock, Brother (small, 60 x 20 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Babylock ESE, Brother 8200, Viking (large, 130 x 180 mm)

Brother Large (160 x 260 mm)

PE 150,

PE 200,

PE 180D

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Brother Jumbo Small (overlap, 100 x 172 mm)

PC 6500,

PC 8200,

PC 8500

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Babylock ESE, Brother 8200, Viking (large, 130 x 180 mm)

Brother Jumbo Large (overlap, 130 x 300 mm)

PE 400D

Babylock, Brother (small, 60 x 20 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

Brother Jumbo Small (overlap, 100 x 172 mm)

PE 300S

Babylock, Brother (small, 60 x 20 mm)

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)

PE 100

Babylock, Bernina, Brother, Viking (100 x 100 mm)



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